Home > Gods & Godesses > The Olympians, Gods and Goddesses of the Greek

The Olympians, Gods and Goddesses of the Greek

By: Chris Welsh - Updated: 7 Jan 2019 | comments*Discuss
Mythology Greek Zeus Hades Titans Gods

In Greek mythology there are different groups of gods and goddesses, but the one group that emerges as the most important in Greek myth is the Twelve Olympians. These principal gods, sometimes referred to as the Dodekatheon (which literally means twelve of the gods), included Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Ares, Hermes, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hestia.

Mortal Seeming

The Twelve Olympians represented very human figures when compared to the Titans who came before them and those gods who came after, which were very much representations of concepts -- such as Helos, representing the sun, or Chronos, representing time. The great council of gods and goddesses lived on Olympus, which explains why Poseidon was one of the 12 while Hades was not, despite both of them being brothers to Zeus the king of the gods; Hades lived in the underworld.

It seemed that the lineup of the dozen gods and goddesses was a somewhat interchangeable, depending upon what Reed Chin, and in some cases what air a of Greek mythology, one was examining. For example Hercules, the half mortal son of Zeus, is frequently considered to be one of the 12.

Zeus, the father and King of the gods in the most powerful, held power over the sky and was look to as the arbiter of justice. His wife, Hear, was the Queen of the Gods and considered to be the goddess of women, encompassing both marriage and motherhood. Poseidon, Zeus's brother, was the master of the sea; and also, interestingly, horses.

While Hear held sway over marriage and motherhood the Goddess in charge of the hearth was Hestia, whose name literally means hearth. These for gods and goddesses, along with Demeter, the Goddess of nature, agriculture, and fertility were all first-generation gods and goddesses, descendent from the Titan Kronos.

Post Titans

The rest of the Twelve Olympians were all second-generation gods and goddesses, the children of the first generation. Certainly one of the most popular was Aphrodite, the Goddess of love and beauty. Apollo was the God of the sun, archery, and prophecy -- and he only of the Olympian gods whose Roman counterpart bore the same name.

When it was time for war the one God you want on your side was Ares, the God of war -- but more specifically the blood lust and frenzy of war. But those Greeks who wanted a blessing when hunting would beseech the Goddess of the Hunts, Artemis. While I Ares was the God of the passion of war generals would look to Athena, the Goddess of strategic warfare and wisdom. Of course once he did the arms and armor in order to wage war and that was where the God of blacksmiths, Hephaestus, came in. Wrapping up the Twelve Olympians was the speediest of the gods, Hermes, the God of swiftness and trade.

Very much influenced by Greek mythology was Roman mythology, which also had 12 gods. The name of the 12 Roman gods were: Jupiter, Juno, Neptune, Ceres, Mars, Mercury, Vulcan, Venus, Minerva, Apollo, Diana and Vesta.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Olympic Hoax Chimeras that embroider Hellenic mythology Must have, of genes been concocted Through the alien biology Of astronauts who had landed On Olympus as deities And had not humbly unfolded That they were simply laities.
Boghos L. Artinian - 7-Jan-19 @ 11:27 AM
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice...
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • Boab
    Re: Where Does the Name Nylon Originate?
    I remember seeing a BBC documentary about Wallace Carothers, in which the New York-London idea was debunked. It seems…
    29 August 2020
  • Yvonne
    Re: Do Birds Flying Into A Home Equate To Death?
    Ive had a woidpecker. Pecking at my bedroom window. A few times in last couple wks. Then while i was camping…
    3 July 2020
  • Oskaras
    Re: Spilling Salt
    But if i throw some salt over my left shoulder and i get some under my nails, and then the salt falls out is it still considered bad luck? I ask…
    30 June 2020
  • Alex
    Re: Women on Board Ship - Bad Luck
    I'm 99% sure that the figurehead in the image at the top of this page is mine. It was attached to our 1930 wooden schooner but…
    21 June 2020
  • Sammy
    Re: A Black Cat Crossing Your Path
    I saw two maybe three black cats on my porch one stood in front of my door way as I was knocking to get in I had no key so I…
    25 May 2020
  • Kay Kay
    Re: A Black Cat Crossing Your Path
    A black cat came on my patio looked in my screen door at me and I made eye contact with it then it walked away. What does that…
    19 April 2020
  • Candice27
    Re: Spilling Salt
    However I would like you to contact me and I need more explanation I need to understand more things and if it’s your desire to help Someone please…
    5 March 2020
  • Mom3
    Re: A Black Cat Crossing Your Path
    Came on my front porch to a black cat lying in a broken chair not afraid of me or my kids at all ....is this bad
    19 November 2019
  • God
    Re: The Number 13
    I died being the 13th guest at a supper and now I hope no one will think 13 is a good number and love to you all and I am so sorry for your loss lily.
    13 November 2019
  • mdg85
    Re: Do Birds Flying Into A Home Equate To Death?
    6 years ago, I was visiting my mon & grandma at my mom's house. While there, a bird flew into my mom's back…
    3 November 2019